The Southern Urals is associated with the formation of many peoples, but every year there is more and more evidence of ancient Hungarians living in this territory. The study of bone material taken from the South Ural burial ground and comparison of the identified haplotypes with the haplotypes of ancient Hungarians confirmed the theory. The results of the study, conducted by an international team of scientists, including researchers from South Ural State University (SUSU), are published in the highly rated journal “Scientific Reports” (Q1).
The Southern Urals may be the ancestral home of the Hungarians. In the Trans-Urals, the main monument of the era of the ancient Hungarians, confirming the theory of their residence in the Volga-Ural region, was the Uelgi burial ground in the Kunashak district of the Chelyabinsk region.
The Uelgi burial ground has been studied for more than 10 years. Skeletal remains of ancient people were discovered in the burial complex, as well as items that belonged to them during their lifetime: weapons, jewelry, and part of horse harness. The researchers analyzed the genetic link between the ancient Hungarians and their supposed ancestors by studying bone material from the Uelgi burial ground, as well as from the burial grounds of the Perm Region.
“SUSU scientists were engaged in the empirical base, that is, the preparation of reports to provide data to the public and the collection of bone material. Our sample was the largest: 22 samples were presented. On their basis, a group of paleogeneticists from Hungary revealed the similarity of haplotypes with the population of Hungarians. At this stage, we have received new qualitative data that the history of the ancient Hungarians and the Right Hungarians is connected with the eastern regions,” research associate REC Eurasian studies Ivan Grudochko said.
In the Hungarian laboratory, paleogenetics identified several haplotypes (sets of forms of the same genes, at the loci of chromosomes) that can be traced in the Hungarian conquerors and people buried in the Uelgi burial ground. Scientists explain phylogenetic relationships by the presence of common ancestry. Further, the ancestors of the Hungarians and Uralians were divided by the Eastern component, the origin of which remains to be determined. Previously, this is the early Kipchak population that came from the Altai.
Work with the burials in the Uelgi burial ground will continue. Presently a new field has opened up for the discussion of the problem of the ancestral home of the Hungarians. In the past, it was believed that the migration path of the people consisted of four links, now it is seen as more complex. Therefore, the following stage will analyze the material collected from other regions, for example, Ukraine, and on its basis will identify genetic links.