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    Carbon-containing materials at the junction of interdisciplinary scientific programs of chemistry and biomedicine

    In 2018, at the Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Technology of Al-Farabi Kazakh National University (Al-Farabi KAZNU), an educational program for pharmaceutical production technology (TPP) was opened, the symbiosis of which is chemistry and pharmaceutics; under the program of nanotechnology and nanomaterials, the disciplines of the module of fundamentals of biotechnology, nanoengineering in biotechnology, computer modelling of nanostructures and the bionanosystems industry are taught.

    Students learn to build physicochemical models of the studied phenomena in medicine,
    select experimental methods and electronic equipment, assess the consistency of the use of nanotechnological developments in medicine. Interdisciplinarity allows students to apply modelling methods using modern software to solve basic problems in relation to the modelling of nanosystems.

    One of the successful developments of students and staff of the Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Technology is the synthesis of new sorbents for multifunctional biomedical use. Carbon-containing sorbents for biomedical purposes are obtained by thermal-oxidative modification of rice peels. This process ensures the formation of the necessary structural and physicochemical properties of the final products.

    On the initiative of the staff of al-Farabi KazNU, together with medical organizations of Kazakhstan and foreign partners, special laboratories for the production of drugs that are urgently needed for the health care of the republic are prepared and tested, among them are a cartridge for blood purification with carbon hemosorbent, in the form of a multichannel monoblock of laminar flow UG-1, sorption-bactericidal bandage “Aibolit”
    and capsules with enterosorbent Bio Life.

    The novelty of the technology lies in the unique composition and structure of carbon-containing nanostructured sorbents. The synthesized sorbent has an optimal pore structure in the macro-, meso- and nanoscale regions. This determines the versatility and speed of action of the drugs and its high sorption capacity.

    The fundamental difference between the products and existing analogues is that carbon-containing nanostructured sorbents are characterized by natural origin, high efficiency, the content of natural silicon dioxide, the presence of mesopores, the absence of genetically
    modified objects and any artificial ingredients.

    The products have a low cost and a high degree of commercialization within the republic and abroad.

    Thus, in order to develop a technology for the synthesis of a modern innovative medical device, specialists in the related fields of chemistry and medicine, who participate in the treatment and diagnostic process and who are the developers of new drugs for medicine, are urgently needed.

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